Learn Past Perfect Tense in Urdu with concepts followed by the definitions, formulas, negative sentences, interrogative and interro-negative sentences.
STEP – I
Past = Passed
Perfect = Complete
Tense = Time
Present Perfect Tense =Passed the time completely
STEP – II
Definition of Past Perfect Tense
In this tense anything is done, happened or borne in past complete aspects. Moreover, any work which was started in past and completed in past time.
Recognition of Past Perfect Tense in English
S +had+ 3rd form of Verb + O
The function in any sentence is called action, and the time when the work is done is called action, whereas the work on which it is done is called object.
They had done their duty.
In this sentence, ‘they’ is doing its duty. So, ‘they’ will be the subject. The work is being done on ‘duty’, so, it is ‘an object’. Whereas, ‘done’ is a form of verb, called tense/verb.
First of all, the subject is placed at the start of the sentence then 3rd form of the verb followed by “had” and the object at the end with a full stop.
Examples* 3V=3rd form of verb
Whatever the subject is, ‘had’ will be act as helping verb.
S + had+ 3V + O
S + had + 3V + O
S + has + 3V + O
|Ali and Hamza||had||Written||homework.|
STEP – III
Recognizing the Tense
We can recognize this sentence by finding ‘had’ right after subject.
We had played cricket.
You had driven a car.
STEP – IV
Negative Sentences of Past Perfect Tense
To make a sentence negative, place “ not” right after had. Let us formulate it.
S + had + not +3V + O
He had not gone school.
They had not done homework.
To make a sentence interrogative, place “had” right before the subject or at the start of the sentence. Let us formulate it.
Had + S + 3V + O + ?
Had he gone to school?
Had they done homework?
To make a sentence interro-negative, add “ had” right before the subject of a negative sentence and put sign of interrogation at the end. Let us formulate it.
S +had +3V + O (Simple)
S + had+ not +3V + O (-ve)
Now Interronegative Sentence will be as:
Had + S+not +3V + O?
Had you not gone abroad?
Had they not done homework?
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