Narration Change for Exclamatory Sentences| Narration Rules

Learn Narration Change for Exclamatory Sentences with definition, rules, tricks, examples, and exercise. Firstly, we will learn about exclamatory sentences.

Definition of Exclamatory Sentences

It shows the contents of joy, pleasure or happiness, wonder or surprise, and sorrow or sadness.

Examples of Exclamatory Sentences

Joy or Happiness

He said, “Hurrah! We have won the match.”

Wonder or Surprising

He said, “How beautiful this flower is.”

Sorrow or Sadness

They said, “Alas! We lost the way.”

Note: Before proceeding, I would like to give some instructions that we made new changes only in reporting speech. In the reported speech, we’ll make all those changes, made before.

Note: We will make changes in reporting speech. Whereas in reported speech, changes will made that we have made before.

Changing ‘said to’ to be Made

For Joy

exclaimed with joy/exclaimed joyfully

For Surprise

exclaimed with wonder/exclaimed wonderfully

For Sorrow/Condolence

exclaimed with sorrow/exclaimed sorrowfully

Bravo, Wow, Alas, Oh, Ah, Hurrah, Buck Up

More Changings

Remove the words like Well-done etc.

Change What/How to very.

Replace ‘commas’ with ‘that’.

The sentence having ‘wonder/surprise’, convert it into simple sentence before changing to indirect speech.

If there is an objective in reporting speech, add ‘and told me’.

He exclaimed joyfully and told me 

Example(Joy) Narration Change for Exclamatory Sentences

He said, “Hurrah! We have gotten brilliant marks.”(Dir)

He said, “Hurrah! We have gotten brilliant marks.”(Dir)

said + Hurrah! ⇒ exclaimed with joy

commas ⇒ that

we ⇒ they

have   had

He exclaimed with joy that they had gotten brilliant marks.(Ind)

Example(Joy) Narration Change for Exclamatory Sentences

He said to us, “Hurrah! I have gotten admission in the university.”(Dir)

He said to us, “Hurrah! I have gotten admission in the university.”(Dir)

said + Hurrah! ⇒ exclaimed with joy

to usand told us

commas ⇒ that

I he

have   ⇒ had

He exclaimed with joy and told us that he had gotten admission to the university. (Ind)

Example(Wonder) Narration Change for Exclamatory Sentences

He said, “Wow! What a huge building that is!”(Dir)

He said, “Wow! What a huge building that is!”(Dir)

said + Wow! ⇒ exclaimed with wonder

commas ⇒ that

what very

is   ⇒ was

removed

make it simple,

He said, “The building is very huge”(Dir)

He exclaimed with wonder that the building was very huge.(Ind)

Example(Wonder)

I said to you, “Woh! What great cleanliness is here.”(Dir)

I said to you, “Woh! What great cleanliness is here.”(Dir)

said + Wow! ⇒ exclaimed with wonder

to you⇒ and told you

commas ⇒ that

what ⇒ very

is   was

make it simple,

I said to you, “The cleanliness is very great here.”(Dir)

He exclaimed with wonder and told you that the cleanliness was very great there.(Ind)

Example(Sorrow) Narration Change for Exclamatory Sentences

They said, “Alas! We lost the money”(Dir)

They said, “Alas! We lost the money”(Dir)

said + Alas! ⇒ exclaimed with sorrow

commas ⇒ that

what ⇒ very

lost   had lost

They exclaimed with sorrow that they had lost the money.(Ind)

Example(Sorrow)

I said to you, “Oh! You lost the final match.”(Dir)

I said to you, “Oh! You lost the final match.”(Dir)

said + oh! ⇒ exclaimed with sorrow

to you ⇒ and told you

You you

commas ⇒ that

lost   had lost

I exclaimed with sorrow and told you that you had lost the final match. (Ind)

Example No. 2 (Sorrow):

I said to him, “Oh! She lost the golden locket.”(Dir)

Isaidto him, “Oh! Shelostthe golden locket.”(Dir)

said + oh!exclaimed with sorrow

to him and told him

She third person no change

commas that

losthad lost

I exclaimed with sorrow and told him that she had lost her golden locket. (Ind)

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