Present Perfect Tense with definition, formulas, rules, exercise, structures, examples of negative, interrogative, and interronegative. Read Present Perfect Tense: How to Learn with Formulas Examples completely to learn perfectlt.
Present Perfect Tense: How to Learn with Formulas Examples
STEP – I
Present =the period of time now occurring/happening
Perfect = complete
Tense = time/verb
Present Perfect Tense =completed action in present time
STEP – II
Definition of Present Perfect Tense:
In this tense anything is done, happened, or borne in present complete aspects. Moreover, any work which was started in past and now it has completed now in present.
STEP – III
Recognition in English:
S +has/have+ 3rd form of Verb + O
They have done their duty.
First of all, the subject is placed at the start of the sentence then 3rd form of the verb, and the object at the end with a full stop.
* 3V=3rd form of the verb
has=He, She, It or singular name
have=I, We, They, You or plural name
S + has/have+ 3V + O
We have played cricket.
You have driven a car.
STEP – IV
To make a sentence negative, place “ not” right after has or have. Let us formulate it.
S + has /have not +3V + O
He has not gone to school.
They have not done homework.
To make a sentence interrogative, place “has” or “have” right before the subject or at the start of the sentence. Let us formulate it.
Has / Have + S + 3V + O + ?
Has Ali gone to school?
Have they done school work?
To make a sentence interro-negative, add “has“ or “ have” right before the subject of a negative sentence and put the sign of interrogation at the end. Let us formulate it.
S +has/have +3V + O (Simple)
S +has /have not +3V + O (-ve)
Now Interronegative Sentence
Has /Have + S + not +3V + O?
|Have||Asif and Ali||not||gone||school?|
Have Asif and Ali not gone to school?
Have you not done homework?
You may also learn:
Future Perfect Continuous Tense